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Flooring

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**Subflooring**
– Subfloor provides support for flooring.
– Special purpose subfloors include floating floors, raised floors, and sprung floors.
Concrete subfloors are common below grade, while plywood subfloors are typical above grade.
– Subfloors impact the structural strength of the flooring.
– Different subfloor types cater to specific building requirements.

**Flooring Materials**
– Flooring material choice depends on factors like cost, endurance, and comfort.
– Some flooring types are not suitable for below-grade installation due to moisture issues.
– Various finishing options for subfloors enhance usability.
– Factors like noise insulation and cleaning effort influence material selection.
– Different materials offer unique benefits for flooring applications.

**Types of Flooring**
– **Carpeting**
– Carpets are soft floor coverings made of bound fibers.
– Different carpet materials include wool, nylon, olefin, and polyester.
– Various carpet types like twists and loops cater to different traffic areas.
– Face weight determines the plushness of a carpet.
– Installation methods for carpets include tackless and direct glue down.
– **Wood Flooring**
– Wood flooring comes in forms like plank, parquet, and engineered hardwood.
– Bamboo flooring is durable and environmentally friendly.
– Cork flooring is eco-friendly and comes in tiles or planks.
– Hardwood durability is measured using the Janka scale.
– Reclaimed lumber offers a unique appearance for flooring.
– **Laminate**
– Laminate flooring resembles hardwood but is made with a plywood or MDF core.
– Laminate is durable but cannot be refinished like hardwood.
– Installation method for laminate is typically floating.
– Laminate flooring requires underlayment for moisture and noise control.
– Various patterns are available for laminate flooring, resembling different materials.
– **Resilient Flooring**
– Greatmats Garage Floor Tile Diamond is a modular polypropylene flooring tile.
– Resilient flooring has elasticity and flexibility.
– Types of resilient flooring include linoleum, sheet vinyl, VCT, cork, and rubber.
– Vinyl flooring comes in sheets or pre-cut tiles with different installation methods.
– Vinyl flooring categories include solid vinyl, vinyl composition, homogeneous, inlaid, and layered composite.

**Seamless Polymer Flooring**
– Various materials like urethanes, polyaspartics, and epoxies provide seamless floor options.
– Seamless polymer flooring is used in domestic, commercial, and industrial settings.
– It enhances resistance to chemicals, impact, wear, and improves aesthetics.
– Different forms of seamless polymer flooring include floor seals, coatings, broadcast flooring, and more.
– Additional particles can be added for better traction and slip resistance.

**Sustainable and Decorative Flooring Features**
– Sustainable flooring is made from eco-friendly materials and processes, reducing demands on ecosystems during its life-cycle.
– Features like floor medallions, doormats, gratings, tactile strips, and light strips are used for decoration and functionality.
– Moldings or baseboards can decorate floor edges.
– Anti-slip mats enhance traction for wheels, shoes, or feet.
– References from various sources provide information on flooring materials and construction techniques.

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